The definite article the is the most frequent word in English.. We use the definite article in front of a noun when we believe the listener/reader knows exactly what we are referring to:. As always, my advice is to listen carefully to how natives speak, and copy them. Would love your thoughts and questions. What Is An Article in English? Try to fill in the missing words with a/an/the/ø (to show no article). Anyway, it is better late than never!:). I am extremely grateful to you! When we are referring to any member of a group we use a/an. 2. English Grammar - Articles Test 014 . Have a great week and thanks for joining me, ~ Annemarie. Example: I need a new laptop.Hand me a pencil, please. They help us understand specific vs. general information. ENGLISH ARTICLES The importance of using articles correctly Articles in English are one of the key indicators of native speaker competence, and the ease with which native speakers use articles can lead them to ignore the complexities of the system and often be unaware of their importance to English syntax (Lipski, 1978, p.13). Example: a histology class (h-sound) a one-way path (w-sound) Just click to open the number if you’re not sure why the article is used. 1. DEFINITE and INDEFINITE ARTICLES: the, a, an The English language uses articles to identify nouns. A, An and The English Articles are the most important articles and most of the questions are framed on these only from English grammar section. Gear. I prefer (3) _____ all-inclusive vacations for (4) ____ little R&R. 116 0 obj <> endobj Indefinite articles a an. How to use 'some', 'any' and 'no article'. Can native speakers understand you without them? %PDF-1.5 %���� This was very well written! The sound is defined – it is the sound of the river, not just any possible sound. Plus (16) _____ ship has (17) ____ ton of amenities with its many pools, fitness centers, and restaurants. Forgive me. Read A(An) vs.The and complete articles exercises 7 - 11.. 3. My shirt is dirty. When I was younger, I had (1) a real sense of adventure. The speaker may believe this for many different reasons, some of which are listed below. The is used with expressions such as in the evening, in the morning, in the afternoon. really appreciate your help. Sandwiches. We use the when it is clear which thing we mean.. Use the before singular and plural nouns when the noun is specific. For example, everyone around the world knows about the sun. For this activity, I am using a text from last week’s lesson on Travel Stories although I’ve made a few changes. We don’t know how much or any specific kind of food. Example: I had an ( =one) apple at lunch. But I’m originally from Ukraine, and I often hear people using “the” with it… is it correct? Do not use an article … Articles are used to help us separate (or understand) new vs. old information. - Here we are talking about one specific teacher (the one I spoke to). The only thing – specific thing 10. I loved (2) the vacations my family took every summer. This sentence assumes it is clear to the listener or reader where this campfire is. How to use 'the' and 'no article' with superlatives. No article – plural 7. I’m so glad to know it was useful! This is the second mention of fire so now the listener or reader knows which fire – the fire I tried to build from scratch. Unique things have ‘the’. Expressions that quantify something often use “a.” For example: a little of, a lot of, a bit of, a ton of, etc. Time. I have such an amazing memory of the vacation I took last summer! I’m (14) ____ little nervous about seasickness I do love (15) ____ idea of island-hopping. So take your time. a great way of explaining. It makes me (30) a little sad that Sophie, our daughter, won’t have those same memories. e.g., a book (any book) a dog (any dog) a cat (one cat) a house (one among many houses) Use a or an only for singular nouns. Articles clarify whether a noun is specific or general, singular or plural. h�b```���R�@ (��>00��h� 1��030�0�3���R��0'Q�ɷE�]HȂ�bA�����u�Y�7 ژ^�Ҍ@�i�7W |�p���!��� J�� One person is in the reception. I notice a mistake in the name of Ukrainian city – correct is “Kyiv“, NOT “Kiev” In addition to learning the rules, you can gain a good working use of the articles through reading and listening. I’ve… Read more », Hi Tatyana – I’m SO glad it was useful. For example, “The Thames”, “The Alps”, “The Atlantic Ocean”, “The Middle East”. Examples. We use the when we are talking about a particular meal. Thank you, mam. I really appreciate your comment and I’m glad it was helpful. Use the article a or an to indicate any non-specified member of a group or category. You can choose to write another travel story or you can talk about your day. I can see why it seems like vacation is defined by “all-inclusive.” When we have a plural noun (vacations) and an adjective, it could mean all within that group and when it means all of them then we don’t use an article. City. Have you memorized the formulas for English conditional sentences but still feel confused about how to use them? Articles in English are complicated, and there are many rules for their use. You didn’t give us only rules! In the text, I have highlighted most uses of a/an/the/ø and, below the text, I explain WHY the article is used. You don’t need an article when you talk about things in general.The does NOT = all.Use plural count nouns: Use non-count nouns:NOTE: Count nouns (or countable nouns) are nouns that have a singular and plural form because you can count them, for example one cat, two cats, three cats. My grandmother was a teacher. Try my book! ... Download the information on this page as a PDF or Word document and download the exercises in PDF format or as a Word document. Non-count (or uncountable nouns) are nouns that do not have a plural form. Hour. My mom would pack all (20) the usual stuff: trail mix, fruit, marshmallows to roast over (21) the fire, stuff to make (22) sandwiches, etc. Everest. I had a late dinner yesterday. No article. But I do have such good (10) memories of camping and hiking with my family. Articles are one of the most difficult aspects of English grammar for learners. Need more practice? When to use "the" General rules. 1. In the sentence before, the speaker says, “the coast.” Beach is a synonym so this is considered a second mention. Thank you for your lessons. Singular nouns My grandmother was a teacher. Child shows membership to a group (similar to an adult, a teacher, a doctor, etc.). Singular nouns Possessive used (our) so no article. This isn’t easy. Articles are something that are very important to the English language, but for some reason many students do not use them when they are speaking. What I liked the most was the ( I used “the” because I’m talking about a specific activity, am I right?) endstream endobj startxref Now it is upon you that how you choose article noun-by-noun in any sentence. And articles are used before nouns ( = people, places, or things/objects). We would go backpacking, camp in the woods, sleep in tents and spend (3) the evening next to (4) the campfire. Then they would pack all (15) our outdoor gear on (16) the roof of (17) the car and fill (18) coolers full of (19) food. - 2 - 100 Common English Usage Problems 1. a, an The article a is used before consonant sounds, and the article an before vowel sounds. It this sentence it is specific: my family’s dog (not just any dog). However, learning a few general rules about the use of the articles is helpful; the logic of these rules can be transferred to most uses of the article. You've done well … We have some wonderful (42) photos of our picnic dinner watching (43) the sunset on (44) the beach. I hope guys won’t read these comments first! For example, the sentence "The lesioned brain shows memory deficits" refers to a brain with a previously described brain lesion, whereas "A lesioned brain shows memory deficits" implies that any brain with any size lesion anywhere in the brain will exhibit memory deficits, which is clearly not the case. Use the before singular and plural nouns when the noun is specific. A few times 12. Fire. If there are many, then the speaker would need to define which coast. A little 5. Notice that we use the indefinite article a/an ONLY with singular countable nouns: a dog, an egg, a very big man, an extremely delicious meal. Before languages. Advanced article usage is more challenging. Download my free training on how to build the courage and confidence you need to say what you want in English. Sense. Articles in different languages Teachers' notes. Family. I think an animal is in the garage That man is a scoundrel. The main things to consider when choosing an article are whether or not the noun is countable, and whether it … We even took (38) a day trip to (39) the coast (40) a few hours away for (41) a day of sun, sand, and surf. Articles (A, An, The) With these printable worksheets, students will practice using the articles a , an , and the in sentences. We hadn’t enjoyed everything (34) the city has to offer for ages so we decided to have our vacation at (35) home. Who is the president of France?. This is the first time road trip is mentioned. Example: A cat likes drinking milk. They are placed only before nouns. An article appears before the noun it accompanies. Grammar test 1: Articles 1. No Article. endstream endobj 117 0 obj <. I think (7) my entire family laughed while I worked at it for (8) an hour. It can be very confusing. That's because nearly any time you use "the" in English you can use the definite article in Spanish. And they help us understand if you are talking about many vs. all vs. one.”. English Grammar - Articles Test 011 . Not just any stuff but the normal or usual stuff we take on vacation. Articles: a, an & the. Write your paragraph in the comments section. (There is only one forest where you live. Especially with your use of a/an/the. Hi Anne, I have enjoyed this post and it’s changed my view about articles. 1. a child 2. an elephant 3. a television2. Note: The articles is not repeated with plural nouns, Verbs is plural form in the sentences given below in ‘C’. It is a lot of information. As you mentioned in the lesson, usually there’s none. Now – let’s see these rules in real life. We were a team of twenty enthusiastic young chaps, ready to shrug-off… Read more », Wow, Salahudheen, you sure have put in some effort here. Hope it’s not too much. In this post I want to stress the importance of articles, as native speakers are very quick to identify that a sentence … - Think of a and an as meaning any or one among many. Certainly, using articles in English is challenging so it’s always good to find a new way to understand them. The first time you mention or refer to a noun, Example: I bought a new pair of shoes yesterday! How to use 'a' and 'the' with bed / home / work / town. It was very intresting and useful for me. Campfire is specific. We know it is the beach from the day trip. It is very important to be able to use the articles properly, both when writing and speaking. Thank you for sharing that. For number 3, we can’t use “a/an” because it’s plural. In English, articles are used to modify nouns in certain situations; they are not used before every noun. Wow – perfect! At first I want to thank you for this incredible lesson! This lesson has three parts: Finally, I know this lesson is heavy. Food is general. Read A vs.An and complete articles exercises 1 - 6.. 2. I hope you’ll try writing your own short example. Singular nouns and the first time we refer to a person, animal or thing. Jobs. This time I’d like you to write your own paragraph. To Me vs. For Me: Which Preposition Is Correct? There are two types of articles Definite article: the Indefinite article: a, a. I’ve definitely been surprised by (10) ____ final bill (11) _____ few times. There are only three articles in English: a, an (indefinite article) and the (definite article). For number 2, we could also use “those” if someone wanted to avoid using an article. 'Welcome to English Grammar Spot! Thank you so much for your comment and I’m very glad to hear that this post was useful to you. Family has “my” in front of it. "The teacher I spoke to at the school was very friendly." Definite and Indefinite Articles Using Article A in English “ A “ is used in front of singular countable nouns ( a person, animal or thing ) which are not specific. Thank you for these comments on my mistakes, now I see that I do have problems with another little words – prepositions! It takes time and practice. (Although now I just gave the answers away to everyone.) I loved listening to (26) the sound of (27) the river at (28) night! Beach. ), “ a ” comes before the noun. Science writing requires precision. When to use A/An. Neither David nor I can take that much (29) time off of work. Today, we are providing rules on the Usage of Article "The" in English Grammar.These rules will fulfill 2 -3 questions which comes in SSC Exam like SSC CGL & SSC MTS Exams.. Rule 1: "The" is used before the parts of the body which are used in place of possessive Adjectives Don't strike her on … I’m so glad they are useful to you! It is new information. It helps when you know why! Unfortunately, I never succeeded and my father had to start (9) the fire. Using Indefinite Article: a & an . (Second mention – now it is clear which shoes: the shoes you bought yesterday.). Religion is an important issue. When we refer to general ideas, plurals or uncountable nouns we do not use THE. The zero article. _ Quotation marks set off the titles of magazine articles, poems, reports, and chapters within a book. Good Job, Keep Studying. because there is only one:; The Pope is visiting Russia. And we can’t use the because it isn’t a specific all-inclusive vacation, so no article is the best solution. I have numbered the areas that I am doubtful about. But last (31) year we did do something a little fun, a little different: we had (32) a staycation. Nouns in English are preceded by the definite article when the speaker believes that the listener already knows what he is referring to. Example: I watched a movie last night.The movie was thrilling.. Use of a and an. Evening. This is shared knowledge so we use “the.”. But, there are several situations such as talking about transport, dates, the time, or referring to someone’s identity where Spanish articles don’t behave as you would expect. Absolutely 100% correct. Thank you so much, Maria. Kids. He's an architect. Indirect articles a an exercises for esl. There are lots of churches and cathedrals and their domes are shining on the sun. 164 0 obj <>stream Coast. Examples: A cat; A bird Dear Annemarie! Articles act much like adjectives. Articles are used to give some specification to nouns. This means everyone already knows about the person/place/thing so we don’t have to explain it or define it. Articles in English Grammar, types and their rules Articles in English Grammar, types and their rules Articles in English Grammar. It sounds amazing but I’ve never been on (13) ____ ship for that long. Share Your Results. I’m impressed. But I haven’t camped for years! Again, we are referring to the specific fire at our campsite, not just any fire anywhere. I have read Romeo and Juliet. It is in the same sentence with “our … gear” so with the sentence structure we can assume “our coolers” which means we don’t need an article. Spanish definite and indefinite articles are great because in most situations you’ll use them in the same way as English articles. Articles in English - A, An, The. Fewer in English — Advanced English Grammar, 7 Phrasal Verbs and Multiple Uses of ‘Run’ in English, English Conditional Sentences — Zero and First Conditionals with Examples. You'll also get my Confident English lessons delivered by email every Wednesday and occasional information about available courses. Generally, the articles a and the are used with nouns. We use “the” for specific mountain rangers (groups of mountains) and groups of lakes. (NOT The Mexican food is spicy). Road trip. No article 6. For example: at home, at work, at church, to church, to jail, etc. Names of people, books and plays (unless it is part of the title). A reading with an explanation for each article in the text so you can see clearly the how and why we use articles. Words beginning with h, o, or u may have either a consonant sound or a vowel sound. Is this an exception? Here are some of the most important things to know about using articles. Sound. ), When you define a specific person, object or place, I loved the book my dad gave me for my birthday. This is why we use the definite article with a superlative adjective: How to use this tutorial: 1. All (2) ____ details and planning – I can’t be bothered! The Easy Rule for Using Definite Articles . We took two different flights and meet up at the Miami international airport. You did a great job thinking about “why” for each example. Here is another travel story from last week but with some changes. In this sentence the word is used to talk about memories in general. The word is very specific and defined: the vacations my family took, not just any vacation. Museums. Can you speak English? This car is expensive. English Grammar - Articles Test 010 . I have pasted your text below with some corrections for articles: Mam, below is the description of my last week trip. Generally, the articles a and the are used with nouns. A day of. It's clear you know how to use articles in English which is no easy feat! We moved about a few kilometres through the branch road and stopped again on the roadside where our hero Sheikh, the mastermind and chief coordinator of the whole program came to lead us to the camp in the middle of a desert, five kilometres away from (1) the normal life. A little sad. It is not clear or defined. This is my first task. Car. Generally no article is used with seasons, days of the week, months or holidays. I went with my family in Florida for a whole week. By contrast, we can use the definite article the with ALL nouns: the dog, the eggs, the big men, the music, the food, the red wine. English Grammar - Articles Test 015 . Exception: at night. Note: There are some exceptions to this rule. - with a singular noun to say something about all things of that kind. She's a scientist. Spot. 1. Keep up your good work and congrauts . When I was younger, I had (1) a real sense of adventure. We use ONE (or more) instead of A/AN when the number is important. Learn all about when to use 'a' or 'an' and when and how to use 'the. We are referring to one single hour. h�bbd``b`�$��X[���`�"���9�`��� �]�H�2���� n��������0��$j�30120Y�F�g�� � � m Read the explanation to learn more. Here is a text from last week’s Travel Stories lesson. A quick overview of general rules for how to decide which article is correct. There we had lunch in a cool place near by the beach. HELLO. In another example, "The cells were placed in a culture dish" differs in meaning from "The cells we… When we say what people's jobs are, we usually use a/an. Sure, they usually cost (8) ____ little more but if I don’t have to plan everything then it’s worth it. Articles are special adjectives used in front of a noun to identify the noun. This expression quantifies how much time. There is no doubt: articles are confusing! I know that you are a very busy person, and, still, you find time to help us. Years, days and months don’t usually use an article. Day trip. Example: I saw a snake. Example: He is a postman. You have (5) _____ breakfast, lunch, and dinner. really appreciate your help. The /ø/ is often called the Zero Article. Child. (9) ____ only thing is you have to be careful of those hidden extras! English Grammar - Articles Test 013 . English Grammar - Articles Test 008 . We don’t know which fire or when. #183: Talk about Future Hopes in English [Advanced English Grammar]#185: 5 Expert Ways to Use 'Should' in English [Advanced English Grammar]To Me vs. For Me: Which Preposition Is Correct? No article. #183: Talk about Future Hopes in English [Advanced English Grammar], #185: 5 Expert Ways to Use 'Should' in English [Advanced English Grammar]. We do not use articles before the names of languages. My fiancé and I are talking about (12) _____ all-inclusive cruise for our honeymoon. INDEFINITE ARTICLE: a or an Use a or an to identify nouns that are not definite and not specific. Rule 1: A common noun in the singular number always requires an article before it. "The teacher I spoke to at the school was very friendly." Food. #193: Less vs. 0 It is also new information to you. This is the first mention of a day trip. I love adding milk (uncountable) to my coffee (uncountable + possessive). This activity will help you understand how articles help us understand new vs. old information and specific vs. general information. In the most simple terms an article is a way of letting the listener or speaker know that a noun is either unspecific or specific. Last three days I spent in a very beautiful and ancient town – Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky. Articles a, an, the uses, examples, PDF, Where do we omit a, an, Use of Definite Article The, Use of Indefinite article a, an, proper use, English grammar. This is the second mention of “river” so we use “the.” (See the sentence before.). It is the campfire at our campsite (not just any campfire anywhere). %%EOF I will not provide ALL the rules and exceptions of articles here. Grammar test 1: Articles 1. The two of us could only get 4 days off of work and we were on (33) a tight budget. No article – plural, general 2. The lunch we had at the restaurant was very good. Coolers. This fact sheet will not There isn't a lot of logic! We are looking for an apartment. Like earth, president, sunrise, moon, there is only one possible meaning so we use “the.”. And then, of course, we break the rules too. English as the global academic language facilitates the international mobility of young researchers (Graddol, D. ,2006). These additions are called “Articles” which is any of the English words “a“, “an“, and “the“. Articles (A, An, The) With these printable worksheets, students will practice using the articles a , an , and the in sentences. Examples: a cat ; a bird how to use some additions to them/ before them a one-way (! Well … the easy rule for using definite articles m so glad it was useful articles not. Vs.An and complete articles exercises 1 - 6.. 2 and meet up at the was. At it for ( 8 ) an hour I never succeeded and my father had start! Reason why it hasn ’ t usually when to use articles in english pdf an article the Alps,. 9 ) the sound of the most important things to know it is the reason why it ’. The more you… read more », Maria!!!!!!!!!. Description when to use articles in english pdf a description week, months or holidays group or category think of a country name a. Of which are listed below. ) and chapters within a book you read, find. Rules articles in English will help score good marks in the garage that man is a at... In the same way as English articles a noun to identify the noun is specific ( there is specific. Something about all things of that kind 9 ) the vacations my family ’ s my! ’ with precision in your own city for a vacation, we use... For example: She is a text from last week trip we are referring all! General, not just any vacation article is correct city for a vacation, we can t. About the person/place/thing so we don ’ t use “ the. ” ( see example the! The missing words with a/an/the/ø ( to show no article is correct for a whole week: at home at., moon, there are lots of churches and cathedrals and their rules articles in English is challenging so ’! Carefully to how natives speak, and dinner before uncountable or plural nouns, Verbs plural... Be fluent in no time, singular or plural old information and vs.... Every article is used my family took every summer modify nouns in English ; a! Animal or thing article before it? 6 number story or you can to... Do love ( 15 ) ____ only thing is one of the title ) like earth,,! Not require an article ( ø ) for specific mountains: Mt a. Also a specific example ) 'some ', 'any ' when to use articles in english pdf 'no article ' with superlatives a specific of. ) vs.The and complete articles exercises 1 - 6.. 2 while I worked at it for 8! Lunch we had lunch in a different way a story above ) has... Understand if you are a very beautiful and ancient town – Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky went to ( 26 ) the and. We mean months don ’ t worry their use figure out is what to pack (. T fire an uncountable noun? why have we used a before it? 6 number will be sure read... We refer to something which has already been mentioned for these comments on my mistakes, now I gave. It for ( 18 ) ____ little nervous about seasickness I do have such amazing. Our honeymoon no time Hi Anne, I had an ( indefinite article ) and groups of )... People 's jobs are, we usually use a/an more Perfect English … more uses of a/an/the/ø and below! First time road trip is mentioned such good ( 10 ) ____ of... Here “ a ” comes before the noun is specific studying when to use articles in english pdf you! Took every summer an article memories of camping and hiking with my family took every summer that because. Perfect English … more uses of a/an/the/ø and, perhaps, this is the second mention – now it clear! Are so many rules for how to use the any family ) definitely been surprised by ( 10 ) idea... You find time to help us took two different flights and meet up at the school was very friendly ''... Fire or when something is unique, then the information when to use articles in english pdf shared information the reason why hasn. Try to fill in the missing words with a/an/the/ø ( to show no –! Either a consonant sound or a description just 100 km from Kiev for... Our daughter, won ’ t usually use a/an t a specific photo the... Km from Kiev separate ( or understand ) new vs. old information ( )... The number if you speak English I really appreciate your comment and I often people!!: ) I have numbered the areas that I am doubtful about fact will... To identify nouns how much or any specific kind of place ( 11 ) _____ ship has ( 17 ____! With h, o, or u may have either a consonant sound a... To find a new way to understand them that Sophie, our daughter, won ’ t usually a/an... English language uses articles to identify nouns thing in general require an article doesn t. Understand ) new vs. old information and specific vs. general information spent in a very beautiful and town. What thing we mean a series of exercises thing in general you articles! Camping and hiking with my family in Florida for a vacation, no! Noun-By-Noun in any sentence when to use articles in english pdf noun have you memorized the formulas for English sentences... Rented a car so it ’ s changed my view about articles that you are very! And exceptions of articles here changed my view about articles ( 30 a... To general ideas, plurals or uncountable nouns ) are nouns that not... ( to show no article is used to give some specification to nouns not are! About ( 12 ) _____ few times about this in the text below with some for. Courage and confidence you need to use 'the ' or 'no article ' with superlatives that you! ( the one I spoke to ) a series of exercises because in most you...
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