The Grey-Headed Swamphen is a non-migratory bird that appears to enjoy the good life it has found in South Florida’s sunny freshwater marshes. The sides and breast are pale brown with bold dark streaks. Undulating, with several rapid wingbeats and a pause. Rapid direct flight with steady wing beats. Bill is thin and slightly decurved. It has a swift direct flight with rapid wing beats, feet protruding past the tail. Sora: This small rail has dark gray-brown upperparts with black-and-white streaks, gray breast and dark gray flanks and belly with white bars. Whimbrel: This large long-legged sandpiper has brown and white mottled upperparts and buff underparts with faint streaks on sides and flanks. The bill, legs, and feet are black. More than 100 "verifiable...exotic species [are] found free-flying in the wild" according to the FOSRC. Winter adult has less black on head, black bill, and duller legs. Pied-billed Grebe: This medium-sized, stocky grebe has brown upperparts, paler brown underparts with barred sides and flanks and distinct white under tail coverts. Non-breeding adults have more black on bill, no red-brown or chestnut in plumage, brown-gray back, and brown-gray streaks on crown, face, and breast. It has a light and direct flight with rapid wing beats. Throat and eye brows are white. Upper mandible is dark gray, lower mandible is yellow. Underparts are white except for orange breast. Marsh Sandpiper: Slender, medium-sized wader. Scaled nape is iridescent green when seen in good light. Weak fluttering flight with legs dangling. Pale-edged dark brown feathers on upperparts give a scaled appearance; back shows two pale streaks in flight; underparts are white with dark spots on breast and neck. The bill is slightly upturned and the legs are long and yellow. Underparts white but strongly suffused with orange wash, heavily barred and streaked with dark brown. Flies in a swift, direct flight with rapid wing beats. The black line on the rump extends onto the tail. Alternates several shallow rapid wing beats and short glides. Black Turnstone: Medium sandpiper, scaled black upperparts, white spot between eye and bill, black breast with white speckles on sides, and white belly. Legs and feet are pink-gray. Direct flight with rapid wing beats. Belly is white. Bill is heavy and black. Black-crowned Night-Heron: This is a medium-sized, stocky heron with short neck and legs, black upperparts, gray wings and white to pale gray underparts. Juvenile and non-breeding birds have orange-yellow bill, yellow lores, and no red on legs. The breast, sides, and flanks are washed yellow with heavy black streaks. Black primaries are seen only in flight. Head has black crown, gray face, and white eyebrows. “Ding” Darling, has become the … Common Pochard: Medium-sized, colorful diving duck from Eurasia with a rich red-brown head, black breast and tail, and gray body. Nape, back, wings, and tail are red-brown, paler red-brown on sides of neck and breast. Upper edge of frontal shield is red, but usually only visible at close range. Medium wings and narrow, rectangular tail. Diet includes insects and worms. It feeds on seeds, grain, grasses and berries. You might at first mistake me for a mockingbird, but if you look closer, I do have a yellow beak! Forages on ground for various insects and berries. The eggs are white or pale buff with random markings of brown or gray splotches. Bill, legs, and feet are black. Black crown, nape, and upperparts with black-green gloss. Micronesian Kingfisher (Palau): The Palau subspecies, Rusty-capped Kingisher is a small to medium kingfisher with orange-buff crown, green-blue back, wings, and tail, white collar and underparts. Sexes similar. Pin-tailed Snipe: Large, chunky, cryptically colored shorebird. Brahminy Kite: Large, chestnut-colored raptor with white head and breast. Eats snails, insects, frogs, shrimp, small fish and birds, eggs and young of other birds, fruits, berries, seeds and grains. Winter adult and juvenile are white and with dull yellow-orange eyes and bill, legs are green-black. Weak flight with legs dangling, drops back into vegetation after a short distance. The latest news, updates, and media releases from across the Audubon Florida network. Red frontal shield and bill with yellow tip. Juveniles like adults. Female lacks streaks on breast. Feeds on insects, larvae, snails, seeds, and grains. Flight is erratic with flopping wing beats. The wings are dark gray with indistinct white bars. Snowy Owl: Large, white owl with variable black bars and spots. This document is WEC270, of the Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida/IFAS. Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks, worms, insects, seeds and berries. AKA snakebird and water turkey. Stonechat: Small thrush with black back and white rump. Feeds primarily on pond weeds. Eyestripe is dark. Direct and hovering flight on rapid wing beats. Short to medium-length, gray-black bill with blue-gray base and red on gape. The legs and feet are pink. Unfortunately for the birds, Florida’s native apple snails aren’t doing well. Head, neck and breast are black with purple gloss. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Female and juveniles like male but paler crown. Swift, graceful flight, alternates slow, deep wing beats with short or long glides. Broad wings with thick black stripe. Feeds on worms, aquatic insects, fish and mollusks. Eats seeds and insects. Brant: This small goose has dark brown upperparts and brown-barred, pale gray underparts. In captivity, they produce two clutches a year. Sexes are similar. Swift direct flight on rapid wing beats. Diet includes seeds, insects and grasses. Black mask goes back to nape in thin line. It has a white-striped black crown. The sexes are similar. Bar-tailed Godwit: This large shorebird has a long upcurved bill, scaled brown, black and gray mottled upperparts and pale red-brown underparts. It feeds on aquatic insects, crustaceans, seeds and plant matter. Upper mandible is black with pale base, while lower mandible is yellow with black tip. Intermediate Egret: Medium to large white heron with rounded head, orange-brown eyes, gray-green lores, and an orange-red bill. As of December 31, 2018, there were 525 species included in the official list. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher: Small flycatcher with olive-green upperparts, yellow underparts, and olive-green wash on breast. Bill is red with black tip. Yellow eyes, bill is yellow or olive-green. Black-whiskered Vireo: Large vireo with olive-green upperparts and olive-buff washed white underparts. Red-necked Stint: This small sandpiper has mottled brown upperparts and streaked cap. Sexes similar. Siberian Rubythroat: Medium-sized thrush with olive-brown upperparts, bright red throat, gray breast and sides, and white belly. Long tail with white to buff edges on feathers. Long, pointed wings with black spots. Female, winter male lack orange-brown and black on head, white below, on front, buff nape and behind eye. I’ve lived in Florida on and off for 20 years and have never seen as much Florida wildlife as I have during this hike. Rust-brown wings. Rufous-tailed Bush-Hen: Small to medium-sized, brown-gray rail with olive-brown back, wings, and tail, and a tan belly and vent. In winter shows pale throat, in summer a dark throat. The head is black, and the short black neck has a partial white ring. It has a heavy direct flight with strong wing beats. Straight, thin black bill, and yellow-green legs. This very large-footed marsh bird has adapted very well to its new habitat. Black and white barring on belly and vent. Bill is huge, with arched ridge and narrow grooves. Swift, powerful undulating flight. Sexes similar. Bill is dark red to black; Red legs and feet. Belly and outer tail feathers are white. White rump. It has a long black bill that is slightly decurved, and black legs and feet. Direct flight in V formation. Spotted Redshank: Large sandpiper, mostly black body in summer except for white rump, white spots on wings, barred tail. The legs and feet are dark. Glossy Ibis: Medium wading bird, iridescent bronze and red-brown overall with thin band of white feathers around bare dark blue face and long, down curved, gray bill. Sexes are similar. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats, feet protrude past tail. Canvasback: This is a large, flashy diving duck with a pale gray body, black breast and tail and gray legs and feet. Yellow-green legs. Some males have an all black head lacking white cheek patches. Wings have white stripes visible in flight. Females are brown above with varying degrees of brown and buff streaking below. Bill is orange, black tip. Forages for insects on ground; also picks off vegetation. Eats worms, aquatic insects, crustaceans and mollusks. Great Egret: This large white heron has yellow eyes and a bill that is also yellow but appears orange when breeding, black legs and feet, and long feather plumes that extend from the back to beyond the tail during breeding season. Brown-gray wings and upper back with black mottling. Brown and red-brown mottled upperparts. Gruiformes. Large, gray bill. Wings are rufous with black spots and bill is gray with a dark tip. It feeds mostly on terrestrial and aquatic insects. Head has rust-brown cap with paler median stripe and gray face. Sexes are similar. Long-billed Curlew: Very large sandpiper with brown mottled upperparts, buff-brown underparts with dark streaks and spots. The head and neck are rufous-brown, and the blue-gray bill is black-tipped; eyes are yellow. The sexes are similar. Legs and feet are gray. Legs and feet are gray. Common Ringed Plover (Palau): Plump little plover with dark gray-brown upperparts, pure white underparts, and strong black mask and chest band. The Blue phase has a white head and neck, blue-gray upperparts, gray-brown breast and sides, white belly, pink bill, legs and feet and black lower mandible. Identify birds in North America for bird watching or as a bird guide. Birds: 35 species including Swallow-tailed Kite, American Kestrel, and Northern Parula. Strong direct flight on rapid wing beats. The bill has pale lower mandible with dark tip. Because of its high water table, substantial rainfall, and often flat geography, the U.S. state of Florida has a proliferation of swamp areas, some of them unique to the state.. Females are mottled brown all over with slim, tan head, long neck and a shorter tail. South Florida Specialties Many birds with a primarily neotropical distribution are found in Florida. Feeds on insects, ticks, spiders, lizards, fruits, berries and seeds. Sexes similar, juvenile dark morph has black-brown blotches, no white on throat. Bluethroat: Small thrush with brown upperparts, striking blue bib with rust-brown central spot, black and brown-orange bands across breast, thick white eyebrow, and white underparts. The female has a tinge of brown on its back. Legs and feet are pink. Underparts are white; upper breast is rust-brown and spotted. Juvenile dark brown with white throat, some barring on belly. Swift flight with rapid wing beats. The male puts on an elaborate courtship display, as he holds water weeds in his bill and bows to the female with loud chuckles. Franklin's Gull: This medium-sized gull has a gray back and white underparts. Long bill, thick base. The crested iridescent head is green and purple-brown. Zigzag flight on takeoff, followed by direct flight with rapid wing beats. The upperparts are scaled buff and dark brown; underparts are pale brown with many dark spots. The Coastal adult is similar to the Interior adult with a darker wash on sides and belly. Female has gray upperparts, white underparts, and brown head. The back, wings and tail are silver-gray, and the vent is white. Crown is blue-black, bill is short and black. Fast direct flight with rapid wing beats. Faint streaks on crown, nape, and breast, and long, broad wings with black primaries. Sexes are similar; black above and white below with a white head, nape, and breast. Aramus. Ruddy Quail-Dove: Medium-sized dove, rufous overall with pale buff throat, streak under eye, and belly. Common Ringed Plover: Plump little plover with dark gray-brown upperparts, pure white underparts, and strong black mask and chest band. Tail is short and forked. Direct flight with steady bouyant wing beats. Least Bittern: Very small, secretive heron with black cap and back, and white throat and belly. Long gray-green bill, dark brown tip. Eyes are large and red. Sexes are similar; the male is larger. Least Grebe: Smallest of North America's grebes. Rather short, yellow-green bill with yellow spot at the top base of the culmen. Fulvous Whistling-Duck: Large, long-legged, long-necked duck with dark brown back and white V-shaped rump patch. Feeds on grains, fruits, insects, carrion, refuse, and eggs and young of other birds. Tricolored Heron: Medium heron, blue-gray upperparts, head, neck, wings, paler rump, white stripe on foreneck, white belly. Frequents dense undergrowth and thickets. Upper flanks show distinct white line. The sideways twitching of the tail is unique among vireos and is similar to gnatcatchers. Flies in straight line formation with neck and legs outstretched, roosts high in trees and bushes at night. Pink legs and feet. Cinnamon-brown underwings visible in flight. The upper half of the tail is white, lower half is finely banded. Yellow-throated Vireo: Large vireo, olive-gray upperparts, gray rump. The nest can hold up to 12 eggs. Jack Snipe: Medium, stocky sandpiper, mottled brown upperparts, paler underparts. Brown-throated Wrens have a bolder eyebrow and a darker throat. Head and underparts are buff to cinnamon with white throat and vent. Feeds on aquatic plants. Flight is fast and direct with steady wing beats. Download Swamp bird images and photos. Oriental Pratincole: Small, gray-brown wader-like bird with white belly, vent, and rump. Tail is white with black central feathers. Short, rounded tail. Some Florida birds seem to sport vibrant dark blue heads, more representative of Western Swamphen (P. porphyrio) from southwest Europe and northwest Africa (or another blue-headed species/subspecies), and perhaps the genes of more than one race are represented in the Florida population. Inca Dove: Small dove with scaled, pale gray-brown upperparts, white throat, and scaled, pale buff (often with pink wash) underparts. Medium, gray-brown and brown-pink bill. Wood Duck: Small tree duck with brown back, white throat, purple-brown breast with white flecks grading to white belly; buff-yellow flanks. Legs and feet are gray black. Head is white with a large blue-black eyebrow and long black crest. Juvenile brown above, white eyebrow, lacks rufous in wing, more uniform tail, brown streaks on white underparts. Slow fluttering flight on shallow wing beats. Boat-tailed Grackle: Large, black bird with a very long, keel-shaped tail. Bird-watchers spot lots of us in Florida during spring and fall migration. Other swamp birds are osprey, kingfishers, blackbirds, turkeys, woodpeckers, owls, and warblers. It has a rapid direct flight with strong wing beats and flies high, usually in V- formations. Strong direct flight. It has a strong direct flight with deep wing beats. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has yellow on bill and black and white spotting on head, neck, and back. The wings are short with white spotted black tips. Of them, 159 species and eight identifiable subspecies are classed as accidental, 14 have been introduced to North America, four are extinct, and one has been extirpated. Strong steady flight, rapid wing beats. Bird Identification | Identify Florida Birds | Florida Hikes! Medium tail, black-gray tip. Yellow Bittern: Small heron with red-brown upperparts, black-gray crown, yellow-brown on sides of neck and shoulder of wing, and white underparts with yellow-brown streaks on throat. Back black-gray with black scaling. The head, neck and breast are a rich rufous, while vent, under tail coverts and underwings are white. Wings are held low in flight, depressed far below body at bottom of downstroke. White throat, buff breast, flanks, and belly are barred black-and-white. Black-headed Gull: Small, white gull with partial hood, white crescents above and below eye, and white-gray back. Juvenile like winter adult but more black on wing and tail with black tip. It is named for its laughter-like call. Facial disk is lightly mottled with prominent dark rim. Juvenile like female but buff scaling on back. White front, throat, belly, vent. Streaked head has white eyebrows. Has olive-green to olive-gray upperparts, brilliant yellow throat, breast. Many north-easterners who relocate to south Florida pine for the profusion of autumn colors worn…, Horace’s Duskywing is a skipper and skippers are a family within the order Lepidoptera, which…, Lake & Wetland Management employee, Bill Shea, constructed a Barn Owl nest box and we…, Get monthly updates on trends in environmental management and info on, Properly Controlling Mosquitoes Near Lakes & Ponds, Restoring Rum Island Springs Shoreline in Lee’s Park, Video: Invasive Aquatic Plant Treatment in Florida. Feeds on a variety of insects and spiders. Feeds on nectar and insects. The speculum is flashy green bordered with brown above and white below. Gray wings with orange-brown shoulders. Wading Birds are a unique species of birds in South Florida and they can be distinguished by their long legs, long sharp bills and plumage of feathers covering their bodies. The sexes are similar. The face and throat are rust-brown and the bill, legs and feet are black. It has a long pink bill with a black tip that is slightly upcurved. We saw a bunch of different kinds of birds, raccoons, turtles, snakes, deer, HUNDREDS of baby gators and about 20-30 adult gators. The black bill is long and slightly decurved. Florida's Introduced Birds: Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio)1 Steve A. Johnson and Monica McGarrity2 1. Juvenile resembles nonbreeding adult but lacks breast plumes and has mostly black legs. Prairie Warbler: Small warbler, brown-streaked, olive-green upperparts with reddish-brown streaking, bright yellow underparts with black streaks on sides. Tail is short and barred. Brown above, red-brown breast, and bars on white belly. Greater Sand-Plover: Small plover, black bill and mask. Bill, legs, and feet yellow with gray-black striping. The sexes are similar. White underparts with black speckles on breast and flanks. Fairly long tail with rounded tip. Sexes are similar. Eyes are red. Flies in a V formation. Large, deep, orange-red bill. Female is brown-scaled overall with dull blue shoulder patch, dark eyes and pale edged upper mandible. Black bill. The wings are pale below and dark-edged. Dark gray wings; tail is dark gray with spotting on outer edges near base. Bill is bright yellow; legs and feet are orange. Long wings. It has a dark hooked bill with a yellow base, yellow eyes, legs and feet. Scarlet Ibis: This nervous and wary South American species was introduced in Florida and is unmistakable with its bright scarlet plumage, pink skin on face, pink bill and red legs. Mallard: This medium-sized duck has a gray body, chestnut-brown breast, green head, white neck ring, yellow bill, wing speculum is white-bordered metallic purple-blue, white edged dark tail, two curled black feathers, and orange legs and feet. Swift direct flight. Juvenile white morph has some gray in plumage. Northern Harrier: This large hawk has gray upperparts, white rump, and white underparts with spotted breast. It has a white rump with a dark central stripe and black legs and feet. Dragonflies: 80 Pondhawks, 107 Blue dashers, and 4 Needham’s Skimmers. Black legs and feet. Palau Owl: Small to medium-sized red-brown owl with gray-white and black spots on back, wings, and underparts. Its pale brown under wings are visible in flight. Juvenile like winter adult but more black in wings. Red-winged Blackbird: Small blackbird with jet-black body and bright red shoulder patches edged with yellow on bottom. Field guides, illustrations, and database Copyright © 2004 - 2013. It has a black chin, a white bill with a central black ring and dark eyes. Males have a dark green head, dark bill, orange legs, yellow eyes, white breast and chestnut patch on the flanks; females are mottled light brown with orange-brown bill and legs and dark eyes. Northern birds are grayer overall with baring on the flanks. Xantus's Hummingbird: Small hummingbird with glittering green upperparts, head, throat, and breast, black face with distinct white stripe behind eye, and cinnamon-brown belly. The belly and under tail coverts are white. Juvenile like adult but gray-brown. Strong, conical blue-gray bill. Temminck's Stint: Small sandpiper with gray-brown upperparts and faint breast band and white underparts. It eats a variety of plant species and parts, especially grasses, sedges, grain and berries. It mainly feeds on small fish but will take a variety of foods. Despite its name, it lives further north than most other warblers.
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